Newspapers Review




Ohaneze Ndigbo



Below are the headlines found on The Punch Online Newspaper for today, Thursday, 2 November, 2017.

Thu, 02 Nov 2017
President Muhammadu Buhari on Wednesday summoned his Chief of Staff, Abba Kyari, and the Head of the Civil Service of the Federation, Winifred Oyo-Ita, over their clash at the Council Chambers of the Presidential Villa, Abuja.

The fierce crossfire between Kyari and Oyo-Ita, which occurred shortly before the Federal Executive Council meeting, was believed to have been caused by the leaked memo, which Oyo-Ita sent to Kyari on the controversial reinstatement and posting of the embattled former chairman of the Pension Reforms Commission, Abdulrasheed Maina.

A source at the meeting said Kyari accused Oyo-Ita of leaking the memo, which she wrote to the CoS on the reinstatement of Mr Abdulrasheed Maina into the Civil Service.

In the memo, which was exclusively published by The PUNCH on Tuesday, Oyo-Ita said that she warned the President against asking Maina to return to the civil service, saying doing so could affect the anti-corruption war of the Federal Government.

Oyo-Ita, it was gathered, also accused Kyari of being the brains behind the leakage.

The altercation occurred in the presence of Vice-President Yemi Osinbajo; President of the Senate, Bukola Saraki; Speaker of the House of Representatives, Yakubu Dogara; National Chairman of the All Progressives Congress, John Odigie-Oyegun; service chiefs and ministers.

Saraki, Dogara, Oyegun and the service chiefs were present to witness the inauguration of  the new Secretary to the Government of the Federation, Boss Mustapha, as well as the launching of the 2018 Armed Forces Remembrance emblem.

A Presidency source, who spoke to our correspondent on condition of anonymity on Wednesday, said the President was embarrassed when he was briefed about the altercation between Kyari and Oyo-Ita.

He said even the presence of the Vice President did not deter the two officials from the clash.

The source said, “The President was embarrassed when he leant about the altercation between the two officials. He, therefore, asked the two officials to see him after the FEC meeting. It was a gory sight, seeing the two officials almost fighting at the Council Chambers.

Thu, 02 Nov 2017
Ikeja Electric Plc, one of the power distribution companies in the country, on Wednesday said there would be an interruption of power supply to some parts of Lagos from November 3 to 10.

The Head, Corporate Communications, Ikeja Electric, Mr. Felix Ofulue, said the outage was part of the strategic efforts to improve power supply to consumers across the network.

Ofulue said in a statement that the company would carry out a complete rehabilitation of the Maryland Injection Substation during the period.

He explained that this would involve the replacement of obsolete switch gear panels at the switch room.

Ofulue stated, “The rehabilitation will affect power supply to Mende, Anthony, Maryland, Ikeja GRA, Shonibare Estate, parts of Ojota, Ketu, Ikosi, Demurin and environs. Power supply will be restored immediately after the completion of the exercise.

“We solicit the understanding and cooperation of all our consumers that would be affected by this outage.”

According to the statement, the firm has put in place arrangements to ensure that the rehabilitation is completed within the stipulated time.

Ofulue assured consumers that regular update would be made available through various channels of communications, especially to the community development area chairmen and other stakeholders. 

Thu, 02 Nov 2017
Indications emerged on Wednesday that the Enugu State Government has made arrangements to fly a former Vice-President, Dr. Alex Ekwueme, out of the country for medical treatment.

The second republic Vice-President is currently at the Intensive Care Unit of Memfys Hospital for Neurosurgery, in Trans-Ekulu, Enugu, after collapsing at his residence in the Independence Layout area of Enugu on Saturday.

A source in the Enugu State Government House informed our correspondent on Wednesday that the state government had made arrangements to fly Ekwueme out of the country, for medical attention in an undisclosed country.

Although the source did not disclose the particular country and hospital where the elder statesman would be flown to, he explained that relevant officials of the state government had contacted Ekwueme’s personal physicians in order to arrange the planned medical trip.

“The Enugu State Government is making arrangements to fly him (Ekwueme) out of the country to enable him to receive adequate medical attention.

“We have got in touch with his personal physicians to arrange the trip. He has doctors who have been attending to him before now, so we are arranging everything.

“The governor (Ifeanyi Ugwuanyi) has already visited him in the hospital and he is doing everything within his powers to ensure that Ekwueme recovers,” the source said.

However, our correspondent learnt that plans to fly the former Vice-President out of the country might be put on hold until his condition stabilises.

It was gathered that Ekwueme is still in coma.

Thu, 02 Nov 2017
The Economic and Financial Crimes Commission has raised the alarm over an alleged plot to frame its Acting Chairman, Mr. Ibrahim Magu, with ownership of assets abroad.

The spokesman for the commission, Mr. Wilson Uwujaren, said in a statement on Wednesday that “shadowy interests at the receiving end” of the agency’s anti-corruption campaign were behind the alleged scheme.

“Those behind the plot, which is believed to be part of a grand design to discredit the anti-graft czar, have allegedly finalised plans to name Magu as the owner of choice properties in exotic locations abroad.

“The commission has information that the desperate cabal could take their gambit to the ridiculous extent of purchasing properties and registering them in the name of Ibrahim Magu to make the plot believable.
“They are also prepared to sponsor some political hirelings who would come out openly to claim they have information about the property acquisitions.”

According to him, the alleged plot is aimed at tainting the “unblemished integrity” of Magu to make him an object of public ridicule.

“The commission, however, wishes to alert the public that Magu has no interest in any property whatsoever outside Nigeria.

“He has neither bought a house anywhere outside Nigeria nor commissioned any person or corporate body to acquire property in his name or any name remotely linked to him.

“The latest plot is coming many months after the commission similarly raised alarm over plots by some interests to pay humongous sums into Magu’s accounts with a view to releasing the information as evidence he had been compromised.”

The EFCC spokesman quoted Magu as saying that the schemes would never make him lose focus in his assignment to defeat corruption in the country.

“They can only irritate me, but they can’t stop me because all men of goodwill in this country know the sacrifices that we are making to improve the fortunes of our nation.

“Those who assume that I have properties abroad, can go and claim them,” Magu was quoted as saying.

Thu, 02 Nov 2017
The Federal High Court in Abuja on Wednesday struck out an application by former President Goodluck Jonathan seeking an order setting aside the subpoena issued on him to appear in defence of a former National Publicity Secretary of the Peoples Democratic Party, Mr. Olisa Metuh.

The court, presided over by Justice Okon Abang, also dismissed an application by a former National Security Adviser, Sambo Dasuki, seeking an adjournment pending the determination of his motion pending before the Court of Appeal to challenge the subpoena issued on him to appear in the case.

Justice Abang held that granting Dasuki’s application would amount to flouting the earlier judgment of the Court of Appeal delivered on September 29, directing him to sign and ensure the execution of the subpoena on Dasuki.

Jonathan had in his own application, sought an order setting aside the subpoena issued on him or in the alternative directing Metuh to deposit N1bn to cover his travelling expenses to travel to Abuja to testify.

But the judge after hearing Jonathan’s lawyer, Chief Mike Ozekhome (SAN), and Metuh’s defence team, who opposed the application, held that he had no jurisdiction to entertain the application.

The court held that since the ex-President had yet to be served with the court’s subpoena directing him to appear in court, it was not enough for him to rely on news reported in the media to file the application.

He ruled, “It is my humble view that I lack jurisdiction to entertain the application filed by the applicant, that is, His Excellency, Goodluck Jonathan. From the records of the court, it is not in dispute that Dr. Jonathan has yet to be served with the subpoena issued by this court on October 23, 2017 on the application of the 1st defendant (Metuh).

“Unless his Excellency, Dr. Jonathan is served with the subpoena and the proof of service is duly filed and placed before the court, I have no jurisdiction in making an enforceable order, which is executory in nature, even if the order is declaratory, either in his favour or against him.

“Service of the court process on him goes to the root of adjudication, the absence of which nullifies the proceedings, no matter how well conducted. I do not want to work in vein. It is even not proper to work in vein.

“Dr. Jonathan, with the greatest respect to him, cannot rely on a newspaper publication or news item from the electronic media to come to the conclusion that the subpoena is vague. It is a hearsay evidence, which has no relevance in court of law. 

Thu, 02 Nov 2017
Two Nigerian-born South African prisoners have been fingered in the killing of worshippers at St. Philip’s Catholic Church, Ozubulu, Ekwusigo Local Government Area of Anambra State, on August 6.

The Anambra State Commissioner of Police, Mr. Garba Umar, disclosed this at a press conference on Wednesday in his office at Amawbia, in the Awka Local Government Area of the state.

He gave the names of the suspects as Prince Charles Obi, a.k.a. Gozila, and Dickson Nwodi, a.k.a. Afam.

Umar said Interpol had been involved to extradite the suspects.

He said other suspects in the killing who had been in police custody would be arraigned this week.

The CP’s statement read in part, “Two indigenes of Anambra State from Nnobi and Oba LGAs respectively, currently serving prison terms in South Africa for murder, have taken responsibility for the attack.

“They vowed that there will be more attacks if their financial demands, which were not disclosed, made of certain persons are not met.

“They mandated one Quintus Anayo (alias Obasanjo) based in South Africa to come to Ozubulu and inform the elders of the town of this threat.

“The two prisoners in South Africa are Prince Charles Obi (a.k.a. Gozila) and Dickson Nwodi (a.k.a. Afam).

“The command wishes to state categorically that we will ensure that all identified perpetrators are brought to book. On that strength, three of the suspects in custody are to be arraigned within this week on charges of conspiracy and murder with other suspects at large.

“The Interpol is already involved in the investigation and possible extradition of the suspects based in South Africa who claimed responsibility for the attack on the church.”

He assured the public that no one, directly or indirectly, involved in the killing would be left off the hook.

On the involvement of Aloysius Ikegwuonu, aka Bishop, in the saga, the CP said, “Bishop is just a victim. If they had seen him that day, they would have killed him.” conference on Wednesday in his office at Amawbia, in [] 

Thu, 02 Nov 2017
Olalekan Adetayo, Abuja The Federal Government has filed six counts against the embattled former Chairman of the Pension Reforms Commission, Abdulrasheed Maina. The charges, filed before a Chief Magistrates Court in the Federal Capital Territory, Abuja, formed the basis on which the court issued a fresh warrant for the arrest of Maina, who is currently [] 

Thu, 02 Nov 2017
Leke Baiyewu, Abuja The Inspector General of Police, Mr. Ibrahim Idris, on Wednesday failed to appear before the Senate committee probing into allegations made against him by the lawmaker representing Bauchi Central Senatorial District, Isa Misau. Idris wrote a letter through his lawyer, Alex Iziyon (SAN), to inform the Senate panel that it would be [] 

Thu, 02 Nov 2017
Ade Adesomoju, Abuja The Chief Justice of Nigeria, Justice Walter Onnoghen, on Wednesday expressed regret over the sudden resignation of a former President of the Court of Appeal, Justice Ayo Salami, as the Chairman, Corruption and other Financial Crime Cases Trials Monitoring Committee set up by the National Judicial Council. The CJN spoke at the [] 

Thu, 02 Nov 2017
Chukwudi Akasike, Port Harcourt The Movement for the Actualisation of the Sovereign State of Biafra has described the National Grazing Reserve Bill as a plot to colonise the eastern part of Nigeria. MASSOB also said that the bill was targeted at propagating violence in the South-East and labelling the Igbo as criminals. The National Director [] 

Thu, 02 Nov 2017
Eniola Akinkuotu, Abuja The Economic and Financial Crimes Commission has arraigned a couple, Mr. Olaolu Dada and Mrs. Florence Dada, one Blessing Ejeh and six civil servants for allegedly receiving over N300m in salaries from the Federal Government through the notorious ghost worker syndrome. The civil servants Osuntope Opeyemi, Aderibigbe Taiwo, Usman Dayo, Johnson [] 

Thu, 02 Nov 2017
Samuel Awoyinfa, Abeokuta Former President Olusegun Obasanjo has said that some unnamed persons pressurised him to influence the emergence of a certain candidate for the position of the vice-chancellor, Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta. He, however, said he rebuffed the pressure and told those concerned to allow the best candidate to emerge through a fair [] 

Thu, 02 Nov 2017
Oladimeji Ramon The Federal High Court in Lagos on Wednesday rejected an application by a former Minister of Petroleum Resources, Mrs. Diezani Alison-Madueke, seeking to be joined as a defendant in a case of an alleged N450m fraud. Justice Rilwan Aikawa, while rejecting the application, described it as bizarre and a misuse of court processes, [] 

Thu, 02 Nov 2017
Olalekan Adetayo, Eniola Akinkuotu and Oladimeji Ramon The National Leader of the All Progressives Congress, Asiwaju Bola Tinubu, on Wednesday lost his eldest son, Babajide, to a heart-related ailment. The Lagos State Chairman of the APC, Chief Henry Ajomale, confirmed this to one of our correspondents on the telephone. Ajomale, while condoling with the former [] 

Thu, 02 Nov 2017
Olalekan Adetayo, Abuja The Federal Executive Council on Wednesday approved a Memorandum of Understanding between Nigeria and Switzerland that would lead to the repatriation of $321m stolen fund to the country. The Attorney-General of the Federation, Mr. Abubakar Malami (SAN), disclosed this to State House correspondents at the end of a meeting of the council [] 

Thu, 02 Nov 2017
Oladimeji Ramon Organisers of the ESQ Nigerian Legal Awards, Legal Blitz Limited, have said this years edition will, among others, focus on the celebration of Senior Advocates of Nigeria, who have, through their practices, become sources of inspiration to the youths. The convener of the awards, Lere Fashola, said, in a chat with journalists at [] 

Thu, 02 Nov 2017
Eniola Akinkuotu, Abuja The Economic and Financial Crimes has invited the immediate past Director General of the National Intelligence Agency, Ambassador Ayodele Oke, and his wife, Folasade, over the $43m, N23m and 27,000 (N13bn) recovered from an Ikoyi apartment. Impeccable sources within the EFCC said the couple were invited to the zonal office of the [] 

Thu, 02 Nov 2017
Leke Baiyewu, Abuja Members of the Senate on Wednesday demanded development commissions for their respective geopolitical zones. The demands were made during the debate on a motion moved by Senator Danjuma Goje and co-sponsored by members of the North-East caucus, titled, The Assent to the North-East Development Commission. Several senators who spoke congratulated their North-East [] 

Thu, 02 Nov 2017
Chidiebube Okeoma, Owerri The Deputy Governor of Imo State, Eze Madumere, has debunked the rumour on the social media that Governor Rochas Okorocha has directed the Speaker of the state House of Assembly, Acho Ihim, to commence impeachment proceedings against him. In a statement signed by his Special Assistant on Media, Uche Onwuchekwa, the deputy [] 

Thu, 02 Nov 2017
Sesan Olufowobi Governor Akinwunmi Ambode of Lagos State on Wednesday commended the Mountain of Fire and Miracles Ministry Football Club for returning the state to the CAF Champions League 16 years after a team from the state participated in the tournament. Ambode, who spoke at the Lagos House, Ikeja, when he received the MFM FC [] 

Thu, 02 Nov 2017
Sesan Olufowobi Lagos State Governor, Akinwunmi Ambode, has restated his administrations commitment to sports development. He explained that the decision was a strategic tool to empower Lagosians to harness entrepreneurial benefits in sports enterprise, either as participants or in other categories. Ambode spoke on Wednesday at the finals of the 12th edition of the Lagos [] 

Thu, 02 Nov 2017
Sesan Olufowobi The Lagos State Government has urged corporate bodies in the state to support the government by engaging in Corporate Social Responsibility to develop grass-roots communities in the state. The state Governor, Akinwunmi Ambode, stated this on Tuesday at the CSR Lagos Business Luncheon on Matching 2018 Corporate Social Responsibility Budgets to the Needs [] 

Thu, 02 Nov 2017
Toluwani Eniola A socio-political group, New Nigeria Nationalists, has lamented poor leadership in the country, adding that plans are ongoing to stage a walk in Lagos and Abuja to stop the trend. The group alleged that over $100bn looted by corrupt leaders in the last 15 years could have been used to transform the country. [] 

Thu, 02 Nov 2017
Former US Vice President Joe Biden strongly criticized President Trump Wednesday, and predicted an emboldened and determined Russia would once again meddle in an American election. In public comments at the Chicago Council on Global Affairs, Biden the target of speculation of a possible presidential run in 2020 thoroughly rebuked Trump and his [] 

Thu, 02 Nov 2017
Eniola Akinkuotu, Abuja The Economic and Financial Crimes has invited the immediate past Director-General of the National Intelligence Agency, Amb. Ayodele Oke, and his wife, Folasade, over the $43m, N23m and 27,000 (N13bn) recovered from an Ikoyi apartment. Impeccable sources within the EFCC said the couple were invited to the zonal office of the anti-graft [] 

Thu, 02 Nov 2017
A video showing a mild drama between the Chief of Staff to the President, Abba Kyari; and theHead of the Civil Service of the Federation, Winifred Oyo-Ita, is trending online. The incident happened at the Council Chambers of the Presidential Villa, Abuja, on Wednesday before the commencement of the Federal Executive Council meeting. In the [] 

Thu, 02 Nov 2017
Olusola Fabiyi and John Ameh, Abuja Candidates jostling for the position of the national chairman of the Peoples Democratic Party met in Abuja on Monday night. However, the candidates failed to reach agreement on consensus candidate. The National Executive Committee of the party at its meeting recently fixed December 9 for the party's national convention [] 

Thu, 02 Nov 2017
Punch Editorial Board President Muhammadu Buharis overhyped anti-corruption crusade has descended into chaos. On Tuesday, his integrity suffered a grave blow when the Head of Service, Winifred Oyo-Ita, disclosed via a memo that she verbally cautioned him about the dire implications of Abdulrasheed Mainas illegal reinstatement. In addition to a frightening number of Buharis men [] 

Thu, 02 Nov 2017
Notable stakeholders in the criminal justice system gathered in Lagos recently to brainstorm on protracted high-profile corruption cases and how they can be resolved, OLADIMEJI RAMON reports Concerned about many unresolved high-profile criminal cases littering the courts across the country, stakeholders in the justice sector recently converged on Lagos for a round-table discussion aimed at [] 

Thu, 02 Nov 2017
Ade Adesomoju, Abuja The Federal High Court in Abuja has granted leave for the commencement of a judicial review suit, seeking an order to stop the Federal Government from paying the allocations due to local governments in Imo State to the state government until local government elections have been conducted in the state. Justice John [] 

Thu, 02 Nov 2017
Oladimeji Ramon A Lagos State Magistrates' Court sitting in Tinubu, Lagos Island on Wednesday granted Aminu Atiku, a son of former Vice-President Abubakar Atiku, the interim custody of the two children he had with his estranged wife, Ms. Fatima Bolori. The presiding chief magistrate, Kikelomo Ayeye, granted Aminu custody of the children, in order to [] 

Thu, 02 Nov 2017
John Ameh, Abuja The House of Representatives on Wednesday summoned the Governor of the Central Bank of Nigeria, Mr. Godwin Emefiele, and the Group Managing Director of the Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation, Dr. Maikanti Baru, over the total accruals into the Treasury Single Account since inception. An ad hoc committee of the House, which summoned [] 

Thu, 02 Nov 2017
Akinpelu Dada The Voluntary Assets and Income Declaration Scheme has collected data of over five million corporate organisations and individuals in the country. This was disclosed in a statement issued by the VAIDS Office in the Federal Ministry of Finance on Wednesday. According to the statement, data collected will be subjected to further analysis to [] 

Thu, 02 Nov 2017
Stanley Opara with agency report Telecoms company, the MTN Group Limited, is focused on laying the groundwork for an initial public offering of its Nigerian business and should complete the process in the next six months, its Chief Executive Officer, Rob Shuter, said on Wednesday. 'We have a lot of advisers running around and getting [] 

Thu, 02 Nov 2017
Nike Popoola The Lagos State Government has announced the payment of N80bn into the Retirement Savings Accounts of its workers since it adopted the Contributory Pension Scheme. The Commissioner for Establishments, Training and Pensions, Dr. Akintola Oke, disclosed this on Wednesday during the 13th retirement benefit documentation seminar for core civil servants, Universal Basic Education [] 

Thu, 02 Nov 2017
Maureen Ihua-Maduenyi The Federal Airports Authority of Nigeria has said it will support exporters who are willing to take the country's agricultural produce across the world. The Director, Commercial and Business Development, FAAN, Sadiku Rafindadi, stated on Wednesday that this would help the economy to grow and also create jobs. Rafindadi stated this when the [] 

Thu, 02 Nov 2017
Everest Amaefule and Ifeanyi Onuba The Nigerian Communications Commission has signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the Central Bank of Nigeria to enable digital mobile operators incorporate Special Purpose Vehicles to offer mobile money services. The Executive Vice Chairman, NCC, Prof. Umaru Danbatta, stated this while hosting the United Nations Secretary General's Special Advocate for [] 

Thu, 02 Nov 2017
Ifeanyi Onuba, Abuja The Federal Government has called for more support from professional bodies and other stakeholders in the economy in tacking the issue of sub-standard products in the country. The Minister of State for Industry, Trade and Investment, Aisha Abubakar, made the call in Abuja on Wednesday at the opening session of a symposium [] 

Thu, 02 Nov 2017
Oyetunji Abioye The Edo State Government says it is planning an investment summit to attract investors into the state in order boost business and economic growth. According to a statement, the summit themed, 'Envisioning the Future', will bring together top local and international business leaders, investors, bankers, industry experts, policymakers and the academia to set [] 

Thu, 02 Nov 2017
Anna Okon Against the backdrop of inflows of illegal arms into the country, the Nigeria Customs Service has announced that it will introduce the Authorised Economic Operator programme to check the menace. The Comptroller General of the NCS, Col. Hameed Ali, (retd.), stated this at a one-day sensitisation workshop in the Apapa Command of the [] 

Thu, 02 Nov 2017
Oyetunji Abioye As preparations for Christmas and the New Year begin, the activities of bank fraudsters who specialise in defrauding innocent and ignorant bank customers have been on the increase. Just last week, when the court ordered the Central Bank of Nigeria and 19 commercial banks to freeze the bank accounts of customers who had [] 

Thu, 02 Nov 2017
Femi Asu World gas reserves increased by 0.9 per cent last year, driven by the United States, Nigeria and Iraq, according to the newly released World Oil and Gas Review by Italian oil major, Eni. The report, which was released on Wednesday, said Russia remained the top holder of gas reserves (with 25 per cent [] 

Thu, 02 Nov 2017
Okechukwu Nnodim, Abuja The Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation on Wednesday announced that it had signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the Ondo State Government to establish a 65 million litres per annum biofuel plant in Okeluse, Ondo State. According to the corporation, the move will further ensure unimpeded supply of petroleum products and safeguard the [] 

Thu, 02 Nov 2017
Femi Asu The oil and gas industry in Nigeria and other African countries continues to face market challenges arising from low oil price, competition for revenue growth and local talent together with new expectations from investors and regulators. The Pricewaterhouse Coopers said on Wednesday in its Africa oil and gas review entitled, 'Learning to leapfrog', [] 

Thu, 02 Nov 2017
Femi Asu Ikeja Electric Plc, one of the power distribution companies in the country, has announced the commencement of data capture of its customers across its network. It said in a statement that the telephone numbers, contact details and e-mails of customers within the network would be captured during the exercise. The Disco said, 'The [] 

Thu, 02 Nov 2017
Okechukwu Nnodim, Abuja It is difficult to achieve contract transparency in Nigeria's extractive sector despite the various legal frameworks put in place by regulators in the oil, gas and mining industries, some civil society groups have said. The groups, in a communique issued at the end of a two-day national multi-stakeholders' workshop on Strengthening Civil [] 

Thu, 02 Nov 2017
Mudiaga Affe, Calabar The Comptroller General, Nigeria Immigration Service, Mr. Mohammed Babandede, has urged officers to treat passport applicants with utmost respect. Babandede, who said this during his visit to the Cross River State Command of the NIS, also rated the Calabar passport office as the best in Nigeria in terms of service delivery. He [] 

Thu, 02 Nov 2017
Olufemi Atoyebi, Ibadan The Nigerian Shippers' Council has been urged to support the exportation of non-oil products in order to speed up the development of the nation's economy. He said the prospect of diversifying the economy of Nigeria from oil was high with the rise in the exportation of agricultural products by 82 per cent [] 

Thu, 02 Nov 2017
Hilton and Transcorp Hotels Plc, a subsidiary of Transnational Corporation of Nigeria Plc, have announced the signing of a 20-year extension to the current agreement to manage Transcorp Hilton hotel in Abuja. The agreement will see Hilton manage the property until 2037. The hotel, which is a national landmark for having hosted countless heads of [] 

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